ANALYSIS OF THE SURFACE AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENTS IN THE GREATER CAIRO (EGYPT) METROPOLITAN

Author's Name: Amira N. Mostafa, Ashraf S. Zakey, A. Soltan Monem & M. Magdy Abdel Wahab
Subject Area: Life Sciences
Subject Environmental Science
Section Research Paper

Keyword:

Air Quality; Air Pollution; Emission Pattern of Air Pollutants; Greater Cairo (Egypt)


Abstract

Air pollution is considered one of the most severe issues facing developing countries. The Greater Cairo (GC) region has long been suffering from deteriorated air quality which is caused by high levels of anthropogenic activities, such as traffic, industries, and agricultural biomass burning events, as well as natural sources of particulate matter, such as dust and sand events. The present study aims at studying environmental pollution in GC area. The emission patterns of some major pollutants (sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, and particulate matter) measured by several pollution stations distributed around GC were analyzed, and areas of pollution hot spots were identified. The pollutants concentrations were found to exceed remarkably the Egyptian legal exposure limits during the period of measurement in some industrial areas. More actions need to be taken in order to lower the levels of air pollution and enhance the quality of life in the GC metropolitan.

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