ASSESSMENT OF TEMPERATURE ANOMALIES BETWEEN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS OF GWAGWALADA SATELLITE TOWN-ABUJA, NIGERIA

Author's Name: Ekpetere O. Kenneth and Ekeh O. Faith
Subject Area: Life Sciences
Subject Environmental Science
Section Research Paper

Keyword:

Temperature anomaly; urban heat island; temperature scenarios; temperature trends, temperature range; Surface temperature; temperature variation; Gwagwalada town.


Abstract

The study assesses and compares the variation of temperature between the urban and rural areas of Gwagwalada satellite town. Temperature data were collected from the University of Abuja Mini campus and Paiko village strategic positions, representing the urban and rural environments. Readings were taken in the morning, afternoon and evening periods at exactly 6am, 12pm and 6pm respectively from the locations. The study also showed the scenarios of temperature variations between the rural and urban area of Gwagwalada town, as well as ascertained the level of significance of temperature variation. T-test, line graphs and tables were used to check for level of significant variation, present and discuss findings made in the field. At the end of the research it was found that the average daily temperature range of the urban area rose steadily above the average daily temperature range of the rural area. Among the numerous recommendation advised in this study includes; encouraged afforestation practice in the area, building without sealing the surfaces, and also implementing proper land use policies, and sanctioning of defaulters.

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