BLOOD PICTURE, METABOLITES AND BLOOD MINERALS OF RABBITS AS INFLUENCED BY DRINKING SALINE WATER

Author's Name: Morsy, A.S.; Manal, M. H. Gad- El-Moula; Doaa, O. Othman; Hassan, M . Sobhy & Nagwa, A. Ahmed
Subject Area: Health Science
Subject Veterinary Science
Section Informative Article

Keyword:

Rabbits, blood picture, metabolites and hormonal assay, saline water.


Abstract

This work aimed to study the effect of alternation of drinking saline well water with tap water on blood picture, metabolites and blood minerals of V-Line rabbits. A total number of 30 does (5 months old and 2955.0 ± 32.6 g body weight) and 18 bucks (5 months old and body weight of 2850.0 ± 31.2 g) of V-line rabbits were used in this experiment. Rabbits were randomly divided into three equal groups (10 does and 6 bucks of each). Rabbits of the 1st group considered as control group (drank tap water, 301 ppm), rabbits of 2nd group drank underground well saline water (5568 ppm) and rabbits of 3rd group drank underground well saline water followed with drank fresh tap water every week until the end of experiment. The results demonstrated that values of red blood cells and hemoglobin decreased (P<0.05) in the doe rabbits of T2 treatment by 27.6 and 21.4 %, respectively and by 19.7 and 19.6, respectively in the bucks when compared to T1 treatment. On the other hand, white blood cell significantly deceased in the doe rabbits of T2 by 26.1 % and insignificantly decreased in the buck rabbits of T2 group by 22.2 % when compared to T1 treatment. However, no significant differences in the white and red blood cells and hemoglobin were observed among the rabbits of T3 and two other treatments. In contrary, Hematocrit (%) increased (P<0.05) in doe and buck rabbits of T2 and T3 when compared to T1 group. Total protein, globulin and glucose concentrations of rabbits drank saline water (T2) decreased (P<0.05) in does and bucks as compared to T1 treatment. However, doe rabbits of T3 showed decreases (P<0.05) of total protein concentration by 6.7 % and globulin concentration by 18.5 % as compared to the rabbits of T1. On the other hand, rabbits of T3 showed insignificant increase in glucose concentration by 9.6 % comparing with T2 group. Cholesterol and total lipids concentrations were significantly increased in the does and bucks of T2 as compared to T1 group. Doe and buck rabbits of T2 showed increase an significant alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase concentrations as compared to T1 and T3 groups. Drinking well water (T2) increased (P<0.05) concentration of calcium by 14.7 and 10.2 % in doe rabbits compared to T1 and T3 groups, respectively. However, phosphorus concentration was insignificantly decreased in the rabbits of T2 as compared to other two groups. Sodium and chloride concentrations were increased (P<0.05) in the does and bucks of T2 as compared to T1 group. In contrary, potassium concentration was decreased (P<0.05) in the does and bucks of T2 as compared to rabbits of T1 group. In conclusion, rabbits drank saline well water (5568 ppm TDS) showed harmful effects on hemato-biochemical-minerals parameters. However, rabbits alternated drank saline water with tap water every week may capable of maintaining homeostatic and maintenance of acid – base balance.

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