EFFECTS OF TEACHER QUALITY ON STUDENTS` ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BARINGO NORTH SUB-COUNTY, KENYA.

Author's Name: Erick Were ODUNGA, Paul OGULA & Christopher. A. NGANZI
Subject Area: Social Science and Humanities
Subject Education
Section Research Paper

Keyword:

Teacher quality, Student academic achievement, Teacher characteristics, Teacher Performance Appraisal and Development


Abstract

Stakeholders from various sectors in Baringo North Sub County, Kenya while attending a conference raised the concern over the possible cause of the downward trend in KCSE performance in Sub County. This was against a backdrop of the Teachers Service Commission in Kenya reporting improving teacher quality following introduction of Teachers Performance Appraisal and Development (TPAD) system in 2016. In the absence of empirical data, this study sought to establish if teacher quality as expressed by TPAD score had an effect on student academic achievement as expressed by KCSE performance in Baringo North. Guided by Lev Vygotsky`s Socio-cultural theory, this study used a quantitative descriptive survey incorporating ex-post-facto correlation design. Stratified simple random sampling was employed to arrive at a sample size of 174 comprising of principals, deputy principals and assistant teachers drawn from a target population of 306. Primary data was collected using questionnaires. A pilot study was conducted where the test-retest method was applied that returned a Pearson`s product correlation coefficient (r xy = 0.85) on the principals and deputy principals questionnaire and r xy = 0.87 on the teachers` questionnaire. Data collected was analysed and the hypothesis tested whereby the results revealed a statistically significant difference between the teacher quality and student academic achievement {F (27, 57) = 3.038, p = .000}. No significance difference between teacher characteristics and teacher quality i.e. gender (t88= -.835, p >.05); age, F (3, 86) = 1.714, p > 0.05; academic qualification F (1, 88) = 1.049, p > 0.05; teaching experience F (5, 84) = 1.88, p > 0.05.The study concluded that teacher quality as reflected by the TPAD scores awarded to teachers in Baringo North had an effect on academic achievement of candidates in the national examinations. Consequently, it recommended that proper mechanism be adopted to ensure the high TPAD scores assigned to teachers reflect in KCSE results attained by learners.

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