Author's Name: Noraniza Binti Yusoff
Subject Area: Social Science and Humanities
Subject Other
Section Informative Article


Secondary school, Demand, Student


Social capital, built through meaningful interactions between people, facilitates the learning and use of human capital skills and knowledge. Social capital therefore promotes active and sustainable learning. Investigation of the influence of social capital in the process of formal education is aimed at establishing a framework in which education in modern societies appears as a relevant and (in) sufficient channel of social mobility. Social capital could improve opportunities for upward mobility through make relationship in network. However, family and friends social network likely to be disadvantaged and limited opportunity for the kinds of social interaction that could potentially lead to upward social mobility. The purposes of this article are to compare students’ background with social capital and to determine relationship between social capital and students’ education achievement. These articles also try to relate social capital with mobility demand and education achievement. This explanatory basic study involved several secondary schools in Kedah DarulAman, Malaysia. Pragmatism approach used to collect data from respondents. Results showed that there is no relation between bridging social capital and students’ achievement. Chi-square value (5.838) was not significant at the 0.05 level. There is more than 5 percent chance that no relationship between bridging social capitals with the latest students’ examination result. Kruskal-Wallis H test showed that no differences between school students in five categories of race variable group in mean rank rate of bridging social capital. This represented that learning environment concentrated on skill and knowledge acquisition in a top-down fashion. Implication of the study is connection of parent, school and peers in network can helps student to improve their achievement. Creation of social support network suggested by Dominguez and Watkins in 2003 can be used to pave the way for social mobility and education achievement. Diversity in social support network needs to provide the different backgrounds, population and demographics of students to fulfil poverty reduction, inculcation of moral values and quality education demands. Dominguez and Watkins suggested social support network based on familial, friendship or institutional ties. Data showed that 56.3 percent of students involved in academic association. Academic association can be a social support network which care for and provide emotional support to student in times of stress or difficulty and take relaxing activities.

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