Author's Name: Khasanova Shafoat Saidbekovna
Subject Area: Social Science and Humanities
Subject Other
Section Research Paper


Tutinamah, Nakhshabi, Khirami, Khaydarbakhsh, Latifi, story, plot, source, comparative analysis, work, story frame, tradition.


“Tuti-nameh” is one of works, which are based on the historical and mythological subject. Subject of this poem, which is built on principles of Indian tales and epic literature, has been closely familiar to readers since ancient times and become widespread among the people worldwide. Thus, this literary phenomenon, which was created long ago based on the ancient Sanscrit literary tradition, had later created a separate direction in the literature of Turkic and Persian-speaking people to become an tradition of writing the “Tuti-nameh”. Each author, who touched this subject, had adapted his works primarily to the social lifestyle and customs, and traditions of his time. Collection of Indian stories, which had been titled in Sanscrit as “Shukasaptati”, i.e. “Seventy Stories of the Parrot”, was rewritten centuries later by Ziyavuddin Nakhshabi and gained recognition under the title of “Tuti-nameh” After him, this set of stories has served as a primary sources for many authors to create their unique works and its worldwide spread. Muhammad Qadiri, Asiri, Khaydarbakhsh, Lateefi, Mirza Baba and Khiromi had adapted this travelling subject to their views based on requirements and needs of their time. These authors not only based their works on the “Tuti-nameh” by Naakhshabi, but also used productively the folklore, and made huge contribution to development of Persian and Turkic written literature through creation of works written in an unique epic style. As a result, the “Tuti-nameh” tradition had progressed to a new stage and the tradition of writing the “Tuti-nameh”, which was rooted in the Persian literature, had emerged in Uzbek literature as well, and it reached its development peak by XVIII century. “Tuti-nameh” poem by Khiromi also emerged in this manner. This poem is distinguished by its creation in poetic genre. A number of “Tuti-nameh” poems, which emerged as a bright example of literary relations of people of Central Asia and India, have been studied in the article. In addition, traditions, history and patterns of creation of the “Tuti-nameh” are discussed in addition to new interesting information on practically unknown Turkic-language authors.

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