Traditional Botanical Based Pesticides for Key Pest Animals Control in Dire Dawa Administration, Eastern Ethiopia

Author's Name: Mohammed Kasso
Subject Area: Life Sciences
Subject Other
Section Research Paper


Botanical pesticide, indigenous knowledge and techniques, pest animal.


The survey study to gather information on traditional botanical pesticides for the key pest animals was carried in Dire Dawa Administration from March 2010 to September 2010 in the eighteen randomly selected representative villages. Stratified and multistage random sampling techniques were used to sample representative villages and respondents (n=174). Both qualitative and quantitative data were gathered through observation, questionnaire and focal group discussion and interview. The collected data were tabulated, organized and analyzed with appropriate statistical analysis. A total of 35 key pest animals as the group were recorded of which cockroach was the dominant followed by mosquito, bedbug and rats. Traditional botanical pest controlling methods like the use of organic pesticide, poisoned bait, repellents and trapping were used. The dominantly used plant species as organic pesticides or repellents were Azadirachta indica, Capsicu annuum, Aloe vera, Croton macrostachyus, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. globules, Allium sativum, Citrus sinensis, C. limon, Olea europaea, Boswellia papyrifera, Kleinia spp., Vernonia amygdalina, Euphorbia spp., Calpounia aurea, Echinos, Nicotiana tabacum and Carrissa schimperi. However, currently their use seems to be underestimated and hence it requires further identification, screening of the cost effective, efficient and environmental friendly and accordingly incorporating them into integrated pest management.

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